Our mission at YC is to enable as much innovation as we can. Mostly this means funding startups. But startups aren’t ideal for some kinds of innovation—for example, work that requires a very long time horizon, seeks to answer very open-ended questions, or develops technology that shouldn’t be owned by any one company.
We think research institutions can be better than they are today. So we’re starting a new research lab, which we’re calling YC Research, to work on some of these areas.
We’re going to start YCR with one group (which we should be ready to announce in a month or two) and if that goes well, we’ll add others.
YCR is a non-profit. Any IP developed will be made available freely to everyone. (The researchers will, of course, have full discretion over when they’re ready to release their work, and we’ll have a process in place to address technology that could be dangerous.) Because of the openness, the researchers will be able to freely collaborate with people in other institutions.
We’re not doing this with the goal of helping YC’s startups succeed or adding to our bottom line. At the risk of sounding cliché, this is for the benefit of the world. As we’ve seen throughout history, new technological breakthroughs help all of us. Fundamental research is critical to driving the world forward, and funding for it keeps getting cut. 
To start off, I’m going to personally donate $10 million, and we will raise more money for specific groups soon. In addition to salary, researchers at YCR will also receive equity in Y Combinator as part of their compensation. 
YCR researchers will be full-time YC employees (instead of us making grants to other organizations). We’ll especially welcome outsiders working on slightly heretical ideas (just like we do for the startups we fund) and we’ll try to keep things small—we believe small groups can do far more than most people think. Also, smallness usually means less politics, which has plagued science in recent decades.
The researchers will have full access to YC and the YC network. YC has a very high problem flux at this point—we fund hundreds of companies per year. Compensation and power for the researchers will not be driven by publishing lots of low-impact papers or speaking at lots of conferences—that whole system seems broken. Instead, we will focus on the quality of the output.
We plan to do this for a long time. If some of these projects take 25 years, that’s perfectly fine with us.
We’re very excited to see what comes out of this.
 Funding for technological development is actually relatively high, but funding for fundamental research keeps getting cut. Investors want to fund incremental progress—and the world has gotten very good at delivering that. This is more valuable than it sounds; incremental progress compounds quickly.
But it’s not all we need—we are dependent on the unpredictable breakthrough jumps to drive humanity forward. Technology startups today work very well for making a super-efficient piston engine, but they are unlikely to fund the kind of open-ended R+D required to develop a jet engine.
 We think it’s important for the researchers to make as much money as they might in at a large company or a startup. YC equity is fairly low-risk (we fund hundreds of companies per year) and high-reward (they have historically done very well), so it will hopefully be a good solution.
Many of the best researchers in the world are forced to choose between high-paying engineering work to support their families or doing the work they really want to do; the fact that this is an either/or choice is bad for all of us.